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Coffee cultivation in Peru has great economic and social importance because it occupies
approximately 200,000 hectares, giving directly and indirectly employs more than 500,000 people
(Julca and Crespo, 1999) and generate foreign exchange for the country for more than 280 million dollars a year.
The Central Selva del Peru (Chanchamayo, Villa Rica and Satipo) represents approximately 40% of
coffee area of the country. But here, as in other producing areas, farmers have
many disparate criteria when choosing the substrate seedbeds or seed, worse, some
of them perform the transplant plants grown from seeds that fall under the canopy of
old coffee plantations.